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Mother Teresa of Calcutta, a step away from sainthood

Teresa of Calcutta, founder of the Order of the Missionaries of Charity, Mother is a step up to the altar as a saint after Pope Francisco affix his signature on the decree authorizing his canonization.

The nun, who dedicated her life to serving the needy, will be canonized expected on September 4, 2016, one day before they turn 19 years after his death in the Indian city of Calcutta, in the context of the Holy Year Extraordinary Mercy.

The announcement comes after the Catholic Church has unanimously approved the "extraordinary healing" of a Brazilian man in 2008 who was terminally ill by severe brain problems after the intercession of the future saint.

With the approval of the Pope of that second miracle, essential for the canonization requirement, so will a process that already was beatified in 2003, during the pontificate of John Paul II, who defined it as "a tireless benefactor of the Humanity".

Then he showed canonically healing, September 5, 1998, an Indian woman who suffered an animistic religion tumor in the abdomen after he was placed in the medal that had belonged to the nun.

Mother Teresa was born Agnes Gonxha Bojaxhiu on August 20, 1910, in Skopje, capital of present Republic of Macedonia, which then belonged to neighboring Albania.

Daughter of a wealthy building contractor, professed religious in 1928 as the Sisters of Our Lady of Loreto, in Rathfarnham home mom (Ireland). A year later he went to Darjeeling because I wanted to work as a missionary in India.

From 1929-1937 did his novitiate in the community of Loreto in Calcutta, and on May 24 that last year made the vows becoming "spouse of Jesus for all eternity."

Teresa adopted that name in honor of St. Therese of Lisieux. The September 10, 1946, while traveling by train from Calcutta to Darjeeling had the divine inspiration that led him to found the Congregation of the Missionaries of Charity.

According tells the tradition, Mother Teresa saw the face of Jesus and decided to give themselves totally to Christ as found in that face reflected the disinherited of the world.

In 1948 he opened a school for needy children and that same year for the first time dressed in white, blue-bordered sari, the habit of his congregation.

Besides the three classical vows (poverty, chastity and obedience), Teresa demanded religious order delivered his lifetime and only the poorest, without recompense material.

In 1957 he founded a center for lepers in 1965, once Paul VI gave to the congregation papal approval, founded the first houses outside India, in Caracas and Barquisimeto (Venezuela).

In 1979 he was awarded the Nobel Peace Prize for his charitable work for the needy of the world. At the ceremony in Oslo, he resigned to the banquet and donated the entire prize money to the poor.

Ardent defender of life, condemned abortion and traveled around the world to raise awareness against the practice.

In 1987 John Paul II blessed the first stone of the house that opened within the Vatican to welcome homeless of Rome.

Teresa health, wearing a pacemaker since 1983, begins to suffer in 1989 and since then, until his death, was entered numerous times in different hospitals.

In 1996 he published the book "Way of simplicity", which includes the religious doctrine that drove his life of dedication to others.

His health worsened after contracting malaria and, after several relapses, the September 5, 1997 dies of cardiac arrest at his home in Calcutta Missionaries. She was buried in the chapel of the headquarters of his congregation on September 10.

The funeral was a national event in India, where millions of dispossessed accompanied the corpse through the streets of Calcutta and the funeral was attended by personalities from around the world.

"I am Albanian blood; Citizenship, India; By faith, I am a Catholic; by calling, I belong to the world; and heart, I belong entirely to the Heart of Jesus, "said Teresa.

His congregation has 4,500 sisters of over eighty nationalities, distributed in 133 countries, where they have 710 houses. There are also brothers, fathers and lay missionaries of charity staff and volunteers. EFE

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