News Daily Spot: Paris agreement establishes mechanisms for temperature limit of 2 degrees

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Paris agreement establishes mechanisms for temperature limit of 2 degrees

The universal legal agreement to combat climate change that the countries expected to approve today in Paris developed a package of long-term binding measures to an end: that global temperatures do not rise more than 2 degrees at the end of the century about preindustrial levels. EFE.

However, countries refer to the limit of 1.5 degrees Celsius as the temperature increase should not exceed that impacts are not catastrophic warming, according to the text that has just been published by the United Nations and is expected to approve in the plenary of the climate summit (cop21).

The Paris Agreement, which has 11 pages and a "decision" that develops in other 20, is legally binding, although not entirely: they are not national goals for reducing emissions of greenhouse gases posed by countries such as China, India or the United States sought.

The pact comes into force in 2020 and with it the 186 national contributions to combat climate change presented.

Every five years, the countries should review their contributions by a mechanism of "reporting and transparent accountability" with the idea of ​​going renewing their national pledges to achieve upward proposed that the temperature does not rise more than two degrees target, and new commitments can never be less ambitious than previous ones.

The countries intend to touch ceiling emissions "as soon as possible", recognizing that this task will take longer for developing countries, and rapid reductions are made from that time to find "a balance between the emissions caused by human action and can absorb the atmosphere "in the second half of the century.

Of this paragraph, which refers to the objectives of long-term mitigation, first disappeared reduction goal for 2050, after decarbonization and finally the reference to the "neutrality" of emissions to be achieved in the second half of the century.

What we come to say the new long-term objectives of the Paris Agreement is that it will continue emitting greenhouse gases provided they can be captured and stored geologically, in addition to the effect "sink" that possess natural systems.

The text, in fact, makes recognition of forests as a sink and the obligation to preserve, with international assistance that it requires.

The agreement also includes the financing needs of adaptation, a mechanism for loss and damage from climate change and climate action by 2020, all "based on the capabilities of each."

And fixed as ground for climate finance at least 100,000 million annually from 2020.

It also addresses the notion of "climate justice" in every aspect and differentiation between countries in the light of national circumstances is reflected.

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